Types of Prosthetics

PROSTHETIC SERVICES

SOLA Prosthetics is dedicated to maximizing an amputee’s potential and minimizing complications associated with wearing a prosthetic.

TRANSRADIAL

A below elbow (BE) amputation is the loss of the upper extremity between the wrist and the elbow, also known as a transradial amputation. A below elbow prosthesis can be made for different purposes; cosmetic, passive, and functional. A functional below elbow prosthesis can be operated by myoelectric parts or a body powered harness. The type of prosthesis an individual may be fit with is dependent on; shape of residual limb, length of the limb, functional ability, and individual’s needs. Below elbow prosthetic use can be very successful with the continuing advancements in prosthetic technology.

HIP & PELVIS

A hip disarticulation is the loss of the entire limb at the hip level. Hip disarticulations most often result from tumors/cancer, traumatic accidents, or infections. An individual who has experienced limb loss at the hip faces the most challenging and complex road to successful prosthetic use. With hard work and determination by the patient and his/her prosthetist, successful use of a lower extremity hip disarticulation prosthesis can be possible.

TRANSTIBIAL

A below knee (BK) amputation is the loss of the lower limb between the ankle and the knee, also known as a transtibial amputation. Factors leading to below knee amputations are; poor circulation and infections secondary to diabetes, serious trauma/injury, tumors, as well as birth deficiencies. Experiencing any level of limb loss is challenging, but this level of amputation has exceptional prosthetic results for a wide range of patients with different injuries and complications.

TRANSHUMERAL

An above elbow (AE) amputation is the loss of the upper extremity between the elbow and the shoulder, also known as a transhumeral amputation. Above elbow prostheses present the challenge of replacing both an elbow joint, as well as a hand. From a cosmetic replacement, passive arm, or a functional prosthesis, an above elbow prosthesis will be made to fit each individual’s needs and functional ability. A functional above elbow prosthesis can be operated by a body powered harness or myoelectric control. Above elbow prostheses use can be very successful with the continuing advancements in prosthetic technology.

TRANSFEMORAL

An above knee (AK) amputation is the loss of the lower limb between the knee and the hip, also known as a transfemoral amputation. Above knee amputations may result from; poor circulation, severe infections, trauma/injury, tumors, as well as congenital disorders. Above knee amputations do present challenges, specifically having to replace a knee joint, but above knee prosthetic users are experiencing vast success and have the ability to return to near normal functions.

FOOT

A Syme’s amputation is an ankle disarticulation or basically through the ankle amputation.
This type of amputation allows weight bearing on the remaining part of the foot, which means that the person can put weight on the bottom of the foot and is able to walk short distances, stand in the shower, etc. without the assistance of a prosthesis. There is inherent prosthetic suspension due to the shape of the malleoli. The disadvantages are that it is more difficult to produce a prosthesis that is cosmetically appealing and there are less available options for a prosthetic foot and a tendancy for the heel pad to migrate.